Zygomatic Implants

What is Cheekbone (Zygoma) Implant?

Zygoma implant is a form of treatment that we call cheekbone implant. This technique is a technique that we recommend to our patients who have too much melting in the upper jaw bone and not eligable for traditional dental implants. In addition, surgical and prosthetic rehabilitation can be quite difficult in patients with advanced edentulous maxilla after tumor surgery. The purpose of this improvement is not only to provide an acceptable cosmetic, but also to restore oral functions such as swallowing, chewing and vocalization. Patients with severely fused maxilla and other symptoms do not have sufficient bone volume to accommodate standard implants. Cheekbones are bones of sufficient strength and thickness for implant application. With this technique, which is applied to the cheekbone by using specially made implants of 4.5-5 cm length, we can make fixed prosthetic teeth for our patients.

How is Zygoma Implant Treatment Done?

Zygoma implant, that is, cheekbone implant, is a technique that requires more knowledge and skill than normal implant applications. This technique; It is also applied to patients who have lost their upper jaw due to accident, jaw tumor or maxillectomy, as a support for prosthesis construction. In zygoma implant treatment, the implant is placed in the cheekbone.

Who is the Zygoma Implant for?

Zygoma (cheekbone) implant is applied to patients who have insufficient upper jawbone and who have osteoporosis at a level where the All-on-Four technique cannot be applied. Cheekbone implant can be done to any healthy individual.

What are the Points to Consider Before Zygoma Implant Treatment?

There are very sensitive diagnosis and planning stages in the preparation process for the zygoma implant procedure. Before the implant treatment, the patient's tomography should be taken and the anatomical structure of the upper jaw should be examined. An otolaryngologist should also be examined before the implant application. Because the area to be implanted is very close to the sinus area, it is necessary to check whether there is any normality in the patient's sinus area.

What Should Be Done After Zygoma Implant?

In the cheekbone implant, the same conditions that should be considered after normal implant application are applied.

Patients should use the given drugs regularly and should not eat hot food for a few days. In particular, patients should not eat hard foods under any circumstances during the temporary prosthesis period. Patients must be fed a soft diet. The reason for this is to reduce the load on dental implants. Patients can start normal food consumption with permanent prostheses made 3 months after the procedures are performed.

Another important point to be considered is that in case of a fracture in temporary prostheses, it is absolutely necessary to go to the dentist. Because broken prostheses can cause implant loss.

Zygoma Implant application; It is a treatment that provides rapid and high success rate for those with advanced bone loss in the upper jaw.

What is the Success Rate in Zygoma Implants?

For zygoma implants; The fact that the implant provides sufficient support for the functional prosthesis, the absence of suppuration, pain or other possible changes at the maxillary and zygomatic level is taken as a fairly sufficient implant success.

What are the Advantages of Zygoma Implant?

  • Its biggest advantage is that it can be implanted in patients who cannot be implanted because there is no upper jaw bone.
  • There is no need for a long and expensive new bone formation process in patients with osteoporosis.
  • Fixed and rapid prostheses can be made for patients by placing implants in the cheekbones of each patient.
  • It can be done safely in patients who have had an accident in their upper jaw or whose chin has been removed as a result of diseases such as cancer.

What are the Disadvantages of the Zygoma Implant?

  • Having a difficult surgery,
  • Possibility of damage to eye and adjacent tissues, anatomical structures such as facial nerve, infraorbital nerve,
  • It has disadvantages such as the development of sinusitis after the operation and the difficulty of re-positioning the implant in case of failure of the primary stabilization of the implant.