What is Root Canal Therapy?

No artificial tooth is as healthy and durable as a natural tooth. For this reason, taking good care of teeth is job one, but when a tooth does start to cause problems, root canal therapy might become necessary.

If the living tissue or pulp (the package of veins and nerves) in the root of the tooth goes dead or begins to rot, root canal therapy will be required.

Before advances in dentistry, damaged teeth were immediately extracted as they could not be saved. Thanks to root canal therapy, however, the interior of damaged teeth can be cleaned and refilled, allowing patients to continue using their natural teeth. At the same time, such therapy prevents the damaged tooth from affecting adjacent teeth.

Why Root Canal Therapy?

Root canal therapy (endodontics) is a method of treatment that ensures damaged teeth do not need to be extracted. If the pulp inside the tooth is damaged to an extreme degree, the tooth and nerve dies. Such teeth can be worked on without recourse to morphine.

The loss of such nerve endings means patients do not feel any pain, but if the dead pulp is not removed from the tooth in a timely fashion, dentists will be forced to extract the tooth, while the damage will also spread to the adjacent tissue and teeth.

What Happens if Root Canal Therapy is not Undertaken?

Tooth decay kills the internal pulp, meaning that it cannot cure itself as necessary. In such a case, the tooth begins to die, while the infection starts to spread to the whole tooth. If root canal therapy is not conducted, the infection will reach the root apex and begin to damage the tissue. The progression of the infection results in abscess, intense pain and swelling, requiring treatment with antibiotics to reduce the swelling. After the reduction in swelling, dental experts can apply root canal therapy if the tooth is not in a serious enough condition to warrant extraction.

Does Root Canal Therapy Hurt?

Contrary to popular belief, root canal therapy is less painful than extraction. If your tooth is extracted, you will require a prosthesis for the empty space or will need to wait until it can be covered. In the latter case, however, the other teeth will begin to slide towards the empty area, causing crookedness in the mouth and an unpleasant appearance. However, if your tooth must be extracted, it can be replaced with an artificial tooth by means of advanced technology, such as an implant.

How Long Can a Tooth Last after Root Canal Therapy?

If the tooth does not suffer from any re-infection and measures are taken to prevent decay through good dental care, the filling can last for the rest of a patient’s life. Regular dental checks can help diagnose infections at an early stage.

Laser Root Canal Treatment

New laser technology promises to change the way you experience traditional root canal therapy. After all, we now have the ability to fix cavities with air abrasion, so why not incorporate technology to improve root canal procedures for patients who are busy or hesitant about dental procedures? Laser root canal therapy uses beams of intense light to clean out root canals, "melting" away debris consisting of bacteria and infection – known as the "smear layer" of the root – while cleaning the root more thoroughly than traditional treatments. Offering the prospect of less time and pain than a conventional root canal, laser dentistry can remove your infection so that you can get on with your life.

Just Add Water

The invention of the Waterlase® Dental Laser from Biolase Technologies has changed the way some dentists perform root canals. Waterlase uses a laser and high-pressure water system to remove dead tissue and infection from the root's canal. The only root canal laser approved by the FDA, the Waterlase system produces enough heat and pressure to remove debris without using drills or hand files, cutting down the time spent in the dental chair.

The Waterlase laser cleans the root more thoroughly than conventional root canal techniques. Microorganisms can hide in the dentinal tubules, or tiny holes, of the dentin surrounding the root. With conventional root canals, the cleaning process doesn't always reach all of the tubules, leaving behind some of the bacteria well after the root canal is filled and sealed.

The laser penetrates deep into the porous tubules, removing bacteria without damaging the surrounding tissue. While traditional root canal instruments only clean the root of the tooth, the laser actually sterilises it, increasing your chances of a successful procedure. 

The Next Step

The next step is to arrange a free private consultation with one of the DENTAGLOBAL associated clinics and offices in Paris, London, Rotterdam or our own facility in Izmir. You can also get a quote by filling in the detailed form on our website. We would be happy to chat with you on the phone and answer any questions you may have.

We look forward to hearing from you.